How to Litter Train Your Pet Rabbit

black rabbit litter box

If you want to litter train your rabbit, there are certain things you’ll want to know before getting started.

Raisin g a rabbit from a baby can be a challenge, and this is one aspect of it.

While it shouldn’t take very long to do this, you will have to get the facts.

Spay or Neuter Your Rabbit

The very first thing that you must do before litter training your rabbit is to have it spayed or neutered. You will find that this type of training is extremely difficult if you don’t have this done beforehand.

A rabbit that has not been spayed or neutered will still have strong territorial instincts, which can result in it peeing and pooping all over the place. You are going to have a much easier time training your rabbit to use its litter box after it has been spayed or neutered.

It is best to have this done with the rabbit is four to six months old. There are actually a lot of reasons to do this, and it is for their own wellbeing.

When to Start Litter Training

You’ll only want to begin litter training your rabbit after it has completely adjusted to its new home. If they are still uncertain or uncomfortable with their surroundings, litter training them will be nearly impossible.

Choosing the Right Litter Box

You will also need to make a point of selecting the right litter box. There are many different options to choose from, so you will therefore need to review your options. A good litter box can make litter training your rabbit much easier overall.

  Can Pet Rabbits & Guinea Pigs Live Together?

It is imperative that your rabbit has enough space to comfortably do its business on a daily basis. You’ll want to consider the overall size of your rabbit before choosing a certain litter box.

rabbit in cage

Types of Litter

There are numerous types of litter to choose from for your rabbit, but some of them are better than others.

  • Wood pellets: You should consider using wood stove pellets at litter for your rabbit. While these wood pellets are used to fuel woodstoves, they also make for great bunny litter.
  • Recycled newspaper: You can also use recycled newspaper for your rabbit’s litter box. This material is soft and provides you with a nice “green” option that is environmentally friendly.
  • Paper pulp litter: This material is often used in bedding for a variety of animals, which you can find in most pet supply stores. While this is not the cheapest option available, it is another good one to consider.
  • Hay: You can use a number of different types of hat for your rabbit’s litter, but it must be kept fresh. Moldy hay can pose a serious threat to your pet’s overall health.

There are certain things that you should never use as litter for your rabbits, including clay litter, as it can lead to respiratory issues with your pet. You’ll also want to avoid pine or cedar, as it is actually toxic to these animals.

The Training Area

Once you are ready to start litter training your rabbit, you will have to choose a specific area to do so. You can do this in your laundry room, bathroom or some other confined part of your home. Make sure that the flooring isn’t too slippery so that your rabbit won’t have a difficult time standing still.

  What Do Pet Rabbits Eat? How to Feed Your Bunny
rabbit litter

Introducing Your Rabbit to the Litter Box

Next you will need to introduce your rabbit to the litter box. Make sure that you stay right by your rabbit when doing this. Allow them to go in the box and become familiar with it. Keep in mind that you should have at least one inch of litter in the box before letting your rabbit in.

It is also a good idea to put some of your rabbit’s droppings in the litter box, as it will help them get comfortable with it faster.

Positive Reinforcement

When your rabbit uses their litter box, you will want to provide them with lots of verbal praise. Positive reinforcement is definitely the best method you can use when litter training them. 

You never want to yell at your rabbit if it doesn’t immediately start using its litter box. This will likely have the opposite of the intended effect. It’s also a good idea to give your rabbit a treat in addition to praising it verbally.

Maintaining the Litter Box

While it is important to keep your rabbit’s litter box clean, you’ll want to keep it somewhat soiled while training them. This will actually encourage your fluffy friend to do their business in the litter box. You don’t want to let it get too dirty though, as this will likely cause them go to the bathroom in other areas.

Establish a Schedule

When you are litter training your rabbit, you’ll want to put them in the litter box about every 10 minutes. It is crucial that you are consistent with your efforts and stay patient. It takes some rabbits longer than others to get used to doing this every single time.

  GI Stasis in Pet Rabbits: What you need to know


  • It is important that you get your rabbit spayed or neutered before beginning litter training.
  • The ideal time to have a rabbit spayed or neutered is four to six months old.
  • Make sure that your rabbit is comfortable with its environment, as this will make the training much easier.
  • There are lots of good materials you can use for rabbit litter, including recycled newspaper, hay and wood pellets.
  • You should avoid using clay litter, pine or cedar in your rabbit’s litter box. All of these things can have a very negative impact on their health.
  • Take the time to find a litter box that is the right size for your rabbit.
  •  Choose a certain part of your house for litter training. It should ideally be somewhere that is quiet and free of other people.
  • Reward your rabbit with a treat and verbal praise every time it uses its litter box.
  • Keep the litter box slightly soiled while your rabbit is using it.