10 Dog Breeds From Russia with Pictures

russian dog breed

Interested in dogs that come from Russia?

We have listed ten of the very best breeds. These are some of the most interest canines on the planet.

10 Dog Breeds from Russia

1. Bolonka


The Bolonka is a rare dog breed that can be traced back to Moscow as well as Saint Petersburg. It is a small dog that grows up to 11 pounds and 10 inches tall. This breed was considered to be a significant symbol of wealth in Russian high society back in the 1700s. 

It was a favorite among rich women due to its friendly and loyal nature. These dogs have a lifespan of 12 to 16 years. The curly coat and floppy ears make this dog exceptionally cute and lovable.

2. Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog comes from the Caucasus Mountains. It has a very calm yet powerful temperament, making it ideal for guarding one’s property. This breed has been used to keep livestock safe from predators for a very long time throughout Russia. 

It can become very aggressive when facing down its enemies. These dogs live up to 12 years and can grow up to 220 pounds. The sheer strength of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is quite impressive to say the least. It is one of the best choices for protecting one’s home and property.

3. East Siberian Laika

East Siberian Laika

The Laika has long been used by hunters due to its uncanny ability to spot various types of prey. It was an especially popular breed in Russia through the 20th century. This breed has the unique distinction of having been onboard Sputnik 2, a Soviet spacecraft that was launched in 1957. 

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Originally from Moscow, the Laika has a maximum weight of around 50 pounds. It has a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years. They also have a history of being used to pull sleds due to their incredible strength and endurance.

4. Samoyed


The Samoyed gets its name from the group of people in Siberia who originally bred it. This dog was used to herd reindeer for many years. It has a stubborn but friendly demeanor, and it is definitely not for everyone.

This particular breed can be a bit challenging to take care of, but it is very protective. There are few other Russian dog breeds that are quite as lively as this one.

5. Russian Spaniel

Russian Spaniel

The Russian Spaniel shares a number of physical characteristics with the Cocker Spaniel, though its coat is significantly shorter and not as loose. This breed has a maximum lifespan of 14 years and a mass of up to 35 pounds. 

The overall good-natured temperament of these dogs makes them perfect for families. They are known for being exceptionally friendly and sociable. This is also one of the most loyal breeds in this area of the world.

6. Siberian Husky

Siberian Husky 1

The Siberian Husky has been used as a work dog for hundreds of years, dating back to ancient times. The strength and tenacity of this breed made it perfect for pulling sleds and many other physically demanding tasks. 

This breed has a lifespan of 12 to 15 years and a maximum weight of 51 pounds. These dogs are well known for being particularly stubborn yet friendly and gentle. They are fairly high maintenance, but incredibly devoted to their owners. It has a distinctive black and white color and a double coat for withstanding extremely cold temperatures.

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7. Russian Toy

Russian Toy

The Russian Toy is an extremely small dog that comes from Russia but was actually bred from the English Toy Terrier. It has a beautiful smooth coat that is fairly long, so shedding tends to be an issue. 

This dog can live up to 11 years and grow up to 9 inches tall. The rest of the world only discovered this particular breed around thirty years ago in the early 1990s. It was initially used to watch over livestock and people’s properties.

8. Borzoi


The Borzoi, also known as the Russian Wolfhound, was originally bred from dogs that came from various countries in central Asia. It can grow up to 2.8 feet tall and has a lifespan of 7 to 10 years. These dogs are known for their intelligence and independent spirit. They tend to be very quiet and reserved. A member of the sighthound family, this dog looks a lot like the greyhound.

9. Black Russian Terrier

Black Russian Terrier

The Black Russian Terrier, sometimes called the Chornyi Terrier, was developed back in the 1940s in USSR. These dogs were used primarily in the military to perform a wide range of tasks. This breed has an incredibly lively and energetic temperament that exudes confidence. These dogs can grow up to 130 pounds and 28 inches tall with a maximum lifespan of 11 years.

 10. Moscow Watchdog

Moscow Watchdog

The Moscow Watchdog looks incredibly similar to the St. Bernard, as it is one of the breeds it was developed from. It also shares its lineage with the Caucasian Shepherd. This dog can grow up to 150 pounds and 2.3 feet tall.

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It has a very distinctive red and white-colored coat, which is very thick. These dogs are very stubborn and independent, which can make them frustrating to deal with at times. They are, however, tremendously strong and protective of their owners.


  • The Bolonka is a beautiful breed with a fairly long lifespan and a loyal nature.
  • The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is known for its calm temperament and has a long history of herding and protecting livestock.
  • The East Siberian Laika is a medium-size dog that is excellent for serious hunters.
  • The Samoyed has a stubborn but amiable demeanor, but it can be difficult to take care of.
  • The Russian Spaniel is a smaller dog that is very friendly and perfect for people with kids.
  • The Siberian Husky is another stubborn but loyal and protective dog.
  • The Russian Toy is a born protector and a very dependable canine companion for just about anyone.
  • The Borzoi has a very quiet and calm nature with an impressive level of intelligence.
  • The Black Russian Terrier is incredibly active and energetic.
  • The Moscow Watchdog is not for everyone, but it is excellent for protecting one’s property.