Persian Cat Care Guide & Information

white persian cat

If you are thinking about getting a Persian cat, there is a lot you will need to know.

These cats make great companions, but they are entirely unique.

This article will help you make the right decision.

Persian Cat History

Persian cats first started gaining popularity in Britain during Victorian times. In fact, they appeared at some of the earliest known cat shows in the late 1800s.

Also known as the “Iranian cat” or “Shiraz cat” in the Middle East, this adorable fluffy animal is related to cats from Western Europe. They are the direct result of very selective breeding, which is the reason for their wide variety of colors.

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Persian Cat Personality

The Persian cat is known for its quiet and calm temperament. You will rarely find these cats bouncing around erratically. They prefer to curl up in a nice warm spot (like right on top of your laptop when you’re trying to type on it).

While these cats have a mellow personality, they definitely like being around people. They don’t tend to hide when unfamiliar people come over to visit. These cats are very friendly in general, and emit a soft purr to express affection.

Health Problems

There are certain health problems that Persian cats are prone to, and it is important that you know about them.

  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Cystitis (bladder infections)
  • Liver shunts
  • Retinal atrophy (PRA)
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
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Polycystic kidney disease is particularly common among Persian cats. Symptoms usually start to present at 7-10 years of age. It is therefore crucial that you take your cat to the veterinarian regularly, especially as it gets older.

persian cat inside

Physical Characteristics

Persian cats have a fairly stocky, round body with short legs. They also have long fur that makes petting them a real pleasure. They can grow up to 10 inches in height, 17.5 inches long, and weigh as much as 12 pounds.

These cats come in a variety of colors, including white, black, red, blue, lilac, chocolate, and cream. Some of them have blue eyes, while others have more of a copper color.

The different types of Persian cats include:

  • Bicolor: Persians that have a two color pattern are known as bicolor. They can be red and black, chocolate and lilac, and so on.
  • Himalayan: These cats can be any of 19 different colors, with a variety of beautiful patterns. They tend to be larger than any other type of this breed.
  • Tabby: Tabby Persians are defined by their pattern and color. They are one of three patterns, including classic, patched, and mackerel.
  • Smoke: Smoke Persians get their name from the smoke color, but they also have some light cream coloration to them.
  • Particolor: This division of the Persian breed is black with a little bit of red. Some of these cats also have some lilac in their coat.
  • Solid: There are also Persians that have just one color. These cats can have one of three different eye colors.
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Persian Coat Care

One of the reasons that Persians require a far bit of maintenance is because of their longs coats. These cats are very furry, so you will need to brush them on a regular basis. Make sure that you only use brushes with plastic bristles.

If you fail to brush these cats regularly, they will develop knots in their fur that are very difficult to untangle. It is also likely that they will start developing hairballs as a result of licking themselves often. This could lead to serious problems like an intestinal blockage, which can be fatal.

Eye Care

You also need to stay on top of eye car with Persian cats. This breed tends to have problems with lacrimation, which means their eyes tear up a lot. You’ll want to clean out the corner of each eye to get rid of any crusty bits that form.

Neglecting proper eye care can result in the formation of scabs around the eyes, which are very unpleasant to remove. The skin will become irritated, causing your pet a fair amount of discomfort.

Ear Care

Some Persian cats have issues with excess earwax buildup, so you’ll have to clean out their ears on a semi-regular basis. This will help to prevent problems like ear infections and other issues. 

You can use a piece of toilet paper or even a cotton swab to clean out your cat’s ears. Just make sure that you do not go too deeply into the actual ear canal.

Claw Care

It is important to keep your Persian’s claws trimmed so they don’t get too long. This is something that you will need to do every couple of weeks or so.

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Make sure that you trim the cat’s claws before giving them a bath, as it can make doing so much easier. If you plan to let your cat outside, you don’t want to keep their claws too short. This is how they defend themselves against predators.

Persian Cat Diet

Persian cats tend to be pretty lazy, so they can gain weight fairly quickly. You will therefore want to feed your cat a nutritious diet. It is also important that it gets a good amount of exercise on a regular basis.

You’ll want to feed your cat at the same time each day. Acidified dry feed is not recommended for this breed, so you should keep that in mind.


  • Persian cats have a mellow and friendly temperament that is a real pleasure to have around the house.
  • There are several different types of Persians, each of which has its own defining physical traits.
  • These cats have long fur and need to be brushed on a regular basis to avoid knots and hairballs.
  • It is very important to feed Persians a strict and nutritious diet to avoid excess weight gain.
  • Eye care is a crucial part of owning a Persian. You need to clean the cat’s eyes on a regular basis.
  • Regular trips to the veterinarian can help you catch common health problems with this breed early on.
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