Pet Mouse Care – Beginner’s Guide

boy play with pet mouse

When you get a mouse, it is vital that you take proper care and love them. If you do so and maintain its health and happiness, your mouse can live for many years.

The most important factor you must remember about mice is that they are nervous creatures who need a balanced diet.

Their Diet

1. Pellets

When you’re planning the diet of your mouse, the foundation of its diet should be pellets. Pellets provide vitamins, minerals, a small amount of fat, and a lot of fiber. There are many types of pellets you can buy, but within your price range, you should opt for the best brand with as few additives as possible. Even though mice are known as scavengers, many chemicals and preservatives are added to low-quality pellets. These pellets can harm their stomachs and their stomach lining. Always keep a small serving of pellets in their cage at all times so they can nibble when they are hungry.

2. Fruits and vegetables

After pellets, fruits and vegetables are the next foundation of their diet. Vegetables how many vitamins and minerals as well as fiber too. Micronutrients that keep their teeth strong and fur shiny are also in vegetables. 

Here are some vegetables mice can eat:

  • Broccoli
  • brussels sprouts
  • Cabbage
  •  carrots
  • spinach
  • bok choy
  • parsley
  • tomatoes 
  • peas

Fruit, on the other hand, can become a great snack food. Since they are small creatures, they don’t need to eat a lot of fruit. They definitely will try to eat as much fruit as possible, but this is bad because they can gain weight and develop insulin issues. When you plan to feed your mouse fruit, only feed them a tablespoon and feed it to them twice a week. 

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Here are some fruits mice can eat:

apples, bananas, plums, grapes, pears

3. Meat, dairy, and fats

Mice are omnivores, and they’re also adaptable creatures, so the body does have the ability to process meat, dairy, and fat. However, these foods should not be the foundation of their diet. Mice should only receive scraps of meat and dairy. If you feed them cheese, don’t give them an entire slice. A piece of cheese the size of your thumb is okay. Never feed raw meat to your mouse.

What types of meats can mice eat?

  • Beef
  • Pork
  • Chicken
  • Eggs
  • Lamb
  • Cheeses
  • Milk
  • Cream
pet mouse 2

Their cage and necessities

1. Their cage

There is a wide variety of cages you can purchase to turn it into a mouse home. Plastic cages, glass cages, and wire cages can all be used to house your mouse. If you purchase a wire cage, make sure the wires’ openings are not small enough for the mouse to sneak out. Do not house them in a cage that was built for rabbits or gerbils. If you purchase a plastic cage, holes must be drilled over the walls for it to be properly ventilated.

2. A hidey-hole

Mice need a specific place to sleep. They should not sleep anywhere they want to in the cage. Another reason they need a hidey-hole is if they feel scared or threatened by the activity around their cage, they will be able to sneak into their home. Remember that mice have a prey mentality, so they will always be on the lookout for large creatures, loud noises, and suspicious shadows. 

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3. Food and Water

Like gerbils, mice can we talk to drink from a water bottle and spout attached to a cage. You can place the water bottle in one corner of the cage next to its food plate. Never plays its food and water next to its litter pan, as mice do not like eating where they have defecated.

3. Cage bedding

Mice originally built for forests and plains, so they like to help grass or a ground cover under their feet. If you do not have bedding for your mouse’s cage, the bare floor will hurt the mouse’s feet, and the cage will be much colder and uncomfortable.

4. Litter 

It is not a necessity to have a special litter for your mouse to poop in, but if you do not have a special area, then do you have to clean the cage more. If you allow your mouse to walk in its own feces and urine, it will be sick often. So we do recommend potty training your mouse and creating its own toilet area.

The litter you use in its toilet area should be different from the bedding in the cage. There’s a special litter that you can purchase that is non-toxic for mice. Also, do not use the kitty litter as a substitute, mice chew on this litter, and they will develop stomach problems.


Mice are intelligent creatures that like to solve problems and be entertained. There are many types of different Mouse toys out there for you to buy for your furry friend. 

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1. Mazes

Mice love to play around in mazes. They are naturally curious creatures who like to explore tunnels and Dark Places. Mazes allow mice to exercise their creative thinking and figure out new avenues and how to exit the tunnel on the other side.

2. The exercise wheel

When you purchase your mouse is an exercise wheel, it has to say made for mice. Do not buy them a gerbil or hamster wheel as it will be too hard for them to move. The exercise wheel enables mice to burn off extra energy and stay in shape.


  • Caring for a mouse is similar to caring for a gerbil or hamster
  • Low brand pellets have additives that could hurt their stomach.
  • It should be fed pellets every day and at every meal.
  • You can serve vegetables to a mouse at every meal.
  • Do not serve them cooked vegetables. They need to be raw
  • Fruits are more of a snack food, and you should only feed them twice a week.
  • Never feed your mouse raw meat
  • Always place a hidely-hole in their cage, so they have somewhere to sleep and to hide. 
  • There are many different types of toys for mice, but they absolutely need a maze and an exercise wheel.
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