Snakes are exciting reptiles! They are unique in colors, physique, and behaviors. Their movement seems frightening, yet a great topic of curiosity! You might be surprised to know that most of the snakes present throughout the world are non-venomous.
However, there are a few varieties that can be highly dangerous to human life. The world’s deadliest snakes are generally classified based on the extent of venom and the number of fatalities that it is responsible for. Let us look into some of the hazardous snakes and their features in a little detail here!
1. King Cobra
King Cobra is considered the longest venomous snake in the world. It can grow up to a maximum length of 18 ft. They can stand up to one-third of their height and move vigorously to attack their prey. Their venom is highly potent, and a single bite can kill even an elephant. A slight amount of neurotoxin can kill more than ten people easily.
King Cobras are generally found in Southeast Asia, especially in the rain forests of India and China. They vary in color and found comfortable staying on trees. They can survive on land and water as well. They feed on other snakes, lizards, and eggs. Generally, they shy away from human beings and do not disturb them. However, when they are caught and cornered, the King Cobra turns fierce and attacks with all its will!
They are the only type of snakes that build nests and quite conscious about their hatchlings as well! They are deaf, however, can sense nearby movements by vibrations. A single bite passing the venom to humans can affect the nervous system thoroughly. They can cause blurred vision, dizziness, and even paralysis.
During the breeding season, the males fight over the females. They do not bite and attack each other. The most interesting fact is that their immune system is not affected due to their own venom. They try to win each other when one gets pinned completely, the other leaves.
2. Saw Scaled Viper
Saw Scaled Viper is the small venomous snake! They are commonly found in some regions of Africa and southwest Asia, especially in Sri Lanka and India. They have a fat body and a thin tail. They have thick and strange scales all over the body. They grow to a maximum length of 3 ft. They are nocturnal animals and feed on other snakes, lizards, amphibians, birds, and mammals. Females can lay up to 20 eggs!
The Saw Scaled Viper gets easily irritated and is highly aggressive. The move-in S formations and strike their scales, making a hissing sound. Get warned and vanish away, else you are done! They are quick in action and just attack instantly. The number of deaths caused by this organism annually is quite high. However, researchers and medical practitioners around the world have found antivenoms to prevent death.
Immediately after a bite, the area gets swelled and starts paining. It later spreads to even the whole body. Blood clotting, coagulation, hemorrhage, and internal bleeding are common among the victims!
3. Tiger Snake
Tiger Snake is one of the most common venomous snakes because they are seen as huge in number throughout the world. They are found in the Southern regions of Australia. They can grow to an average size of 3.9 ft. They prefer living in marshy coastal areas as the number of prey found here is extensive all the time!
They are found in several colors, especially yellow, orange, brown, and black. They become furious about getting disturbed and let their head go flat to raise and stay erect. They have rich neurotoxins, which are highly potent. They also contain coagulants and myotoxins. When we get attacked generally, there is excessive pain in the neck and foot region. There is numbness and sweating felt for a long time. People get breathing trouble and go paralytic in some cases. Fortunately, there is anti-venom to get treated immediately to escape from such harsh realities.
4. Black Mamba
The Black Mamba is another hazardous snake found in the Southern and Eastern parts of Africa. They majorly reside in woodlands, forests, and on rocks. They can grow to a maximum length of 10 feet and move at jet speed to handle its prey. They feed on relatively small animals and birds. Their inner mouth is black; it shows it open whenever threatened. Hence, the name Black Mamba! They have a life span of 11 years. It is the fastest known snake in the world.
The neurotoxins affect the human body when the snake bites multiple times. They can turn fatal if not treated immediately. They give a tingling feeling to the body along with a metallic taste within the mouth. Blurred vision, nausea, sweating, and vomiting comes next. There are records to show deaths having occurred in just twenty minutes after the bite.
5. Inland Taipan
The Inland Taipan is a highly venomous snake found in Queensland and Australia. There are the Coastal, Inland, and the Central Taipan varieties. They grow up to 6 ft in size on average. They love feeding extremely on mammals and frequently eat rats.
Their bite is rich in neurotoxins, and even a single bite can cause severe damage to the nervous system. It can clot the blood and cause paralysis too. Severe headache and vomiting can be the immediate symptoms that one has to concentrate on and take note of! The flow of blood is affected, especially in the respiratory system and can cause death from 2 – 6 hours just following the bite. Antivenom has been developed; however, their reach is critical for immediate action.
We have seen some of the exciting and dangerous facts about some of the deadliest snakes in the world! It is surprising to know the nature of the attack and its effect on human life. It is also so true that they do not engage in a dangerous attack unless they are cornered. Hence, avoid having a precarious play with them to stay protected!