Plants are an important part of the food chain and the food web either on land or inside the water, and that’s why it is important to include them in your aquarium.
The oceans and the lake floors are composed of wood fragments, stones, and plants among other things. Now all these things have been put into gobod use, for example, the stones and plants are used for breeding and hiding.
Plants though seem to play the most important role because they help to oxygenate water. Algae and Bacteria also take refuge in the surface of plants. The emergent plants help to break wave energy and the roots do stabilize the bottom sediment, which in turn reduces nutrient cycling and turbidity that might encourage the growth of algae.
By adopting some of the aquarium plants it is obvious that they will transfer the benefits with them and help to provide the aquarium dwellers with the most natural environment. Though plants are recommended for the oceans and lakes there are also the dangerous types that have to removed with the use of herbicides.
Herbicides are dangerous for aquatic animals especially when used in large doses. So when you adopt aquarium plants do a thorough background research of their characteristics, if they are compatible with the fish that you want to keep and how to maintain or get rid of them without interfering with the lifestyle of your tank dwellers.
We will, therefore, sample for you some of the 5 easy aquarium plants and provide you with as much information as we can gather about them.
1. Cryptocoryne Parva
Cryptocoryne’s are also known as crypts, they are an easy to manage aquarium plant but don’t welcome drastic changes very well. At times you will notice that they become weak and seem like they are dying but you don’t have to worry because once they get used to the new environment, you will be amazed.
The cryptocorynes are a large family but the Parva Fromac tends to be the smallest in the family. One of the things that the plant needs to survive underwater is light, failure to which it will lose its leaf plate. Therefore, as you add plants into your aquarium make sure that they don’t overshadow the crypts, and to achieve the cosmetic look give them a dwelling in the foreground, as they don’t grow too big.
Vallisneria comes in a number of strains some of which are kept in aquariums. They thrive under good lighting as well as moderate but do exhibit slower growth rates. So, if you decide to adopt this plant be prepared to use fertilizers if you will use plain gravel, not that they have a problem with the type of substrate you decide to use.
Neutral alkaline water and brackish water rarely affects the plant but will not do well in acidic conditions. The salinity of the water should be maintained at 10% and gravity shouldn’t exceed 1.0003. An exciting feature of the plant is that they multiply by producing daughter plants and immediately the roots get established, you can transplant and re-grow the daughter plant.
Val will be best placed at the back of the aquariums given its ability to grow very tall.
3. Amazon Sword
The Amazon Sword is one of the best plants to incorporate into your aquarium if you are a beginner, and just like its name, the plant does come from the Amazon river basin. They can be used in the fish and plant only aquariums.
The plant features a bushy structure and short stems; they do reproduce in the tanks and can stand different temperatures. However, if you notice that they have changed color to brownish then improve on the nutrients; their natural color under the right water conditions is green, and Water PH should be maintained around 7.
Unlike the Java Moss the substrate that you use on the Amazon sword is very important because that is where most of its nutrients are derived from, so ensure it is about 2.5 inches thick. The plant has the ability to take over the tank, so if it grows past your expectations you can cut off the shoots.
Anubias are among the flowers that will give your aquarium the perfect cosmetic look because of their ability to produce flowers even when submerged in water. They are not prone to too much lighting like the other varieties and will do well if you anchor them on a bogwood or rocks.
They also tend to develop algae really fast upon exposure to too much light. Many aquarists love them because they cannot be turned into a snack by a large variety of fish and their nutrient requirements are not as high. When introducing Anubias into your aquarium do not burry the roots in the substrate, because it will only thrive if the roots and rhizome are exposed.
Their growth rate is super slow producing a leaf after three weeks or more, but you can boost it by introducing CO2.
The only reason that you can give for not enhancing the look of your aquarium and providing the best habitat for your fishes, shrimps, and snails is because of laziness. Take a look at the Hornwort, for example, why wouldn’t anyone want to include this beauty in their tank.
The plant has the unique characteristics of thriving in any water condition, even if the temperatures are extreme, and most of the time you will find them thriving in tanks that have water quality issues because they are known to help balance water quality.
Hornwort is compatible with different types of fish, especially the goldfish, and be warned that they will turn the plant into a delicacy.
The plant is known for shedding its needles and doesn’t require anchoring on a substrate, you could try though, but that will also be the surest way of killing the bottom part. Many people argue that the plant’s spiky leaves are dangerous; on the contrary, they do offer a hiding place for the small fish. To introduce it in your tank just let it float in water and you will be good.
The above-discussed plants are easy to install by both professionals and beginners, most of them just need an anchor and will thrive. Water temperatures and the PH levels should be monitored; however, some of the plants have big leaves that need trimming when the time comes, so that they don’t cramp the Aquarium. Before adopting an aquarium plant be sure that it is compatible with the fish in your tank and will not be turned into a snack.