Dwarf Gourami Care Guide – Types, Breeding & More

Blue Dwarf Gourami

The Dwarf Gourami is a very docile fish that makes for an excellent pet.

 It is also very beautiful and will add a nice aesthetic to your aquarium. If you want to make a new addition, this is one fish that you’ll definitely want to learn about.

Dwarf Gourami Appearance

The average Dwarf Gourami grows to about 3.5 inches and has big rounded fins. One of the interesting things about these fish is that their dorsal and anal fins are connected to each other. They have a slender body and use their ventral fins as a means of picking up on nearby threats.

Types of Dwarf Gourami

1. Blue Dwarf

Blue Dwarf Gourami

The Blue Dwarf Gourami has a vibrant blue coloration with dark red streaks going across their fins. These fish also have big scales and thrive when kept together in the same habitat.

2. Flame Dwarf

Dwarf Flame Gourami

The Flame Dwarf has a bright red coloration with a little bit of range. They have a fascinating overall appearance with soaring popularity among breeders.

3. Powder Blue Dwarf

Powder Blue Dwarf Gourami

This Dwarf Gourami is pretty much entirely blue, though it comes in darker and lighter shades. They are by far the brightest of their kind, which is just one of the things that make them a popular aquatic pet.

4. Honey Dwarf

honey Dwarf Gourami

The Honey Dwarf Gourami is mostly orange with some red hues that make it a very beautiful overall fish. Some of these fish have blackheads, which only adds to their unique physical appearance.

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The Dwarf Gourami is known for its calm nature. This fish tends to be fairly active, but they can be shy when put in a new habitat. It doesn’t take them very long to make this adjustment in most cases.

Natural Habitat

These fish are naturally found in India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. They feel most at home in slow-moving waters, including lakes, streams and rivulets. Heavy vegetation is a requirement for the Dwarf Gourami.

Dwarf gourami e1580760619372

Dwarf Gourami Care Guide

1. Tank Setup

If you are going to keep any of these fish, you should consider putting down a dark-colored sandy substrate. This will contrast nicely with the typically bright colors of the Dwarf Gourami. These fish do not require a ton of light, and in fact, you should keep it fairly dim. You’ll need a minimum 5-gallon tank for a single fish.

A good filter is highly recommended, though you’ll want to choose one based on how many fish and plants are in the tank. Chances are you probably won’t need to get a very powerful filter to keep your aquarium clean. 

Since these fish naturally live in slow-moving bodies of water, you don’t want to use a filter that is going to generate a strong flow.

2. Water Conditions

You should make a point of keeping the water inside the tank between 77 and 78.5 degrees Fahrenheit at all times. It needs to have a hardness of 10 to 20 dGH and a pH of 6 to 8. These are the most ideal conditions for the Dwarf Gourami, regardless of sub-species.

Make sure that you also change out about a quarter of the water in the tank every single week. The dirtier the tank water gets, the more likely your fish are to develop serious health problems.

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3. Dwarf Gourami Tank Mates

While you can definitely keep these fish together with their own kind, males can become a bit aggressive with females at times. It is not a good idea to keep two males together, as they will almost certainly begin fighting. If you are going to do this, make sure that you have a big tank. This will significantly decrease the chances of aggressive behavior manifesting.

Because the Dwarf Gourami is a fairly peaceful fish, you should have no problem keeping it with other even-tempered species. Just make sure that you avoid keeping them with any fish that are known for being aggressive or unpredictable.

Common Health Problems

One of the great things about having the Dwarf Gourami as a pet is that it’s not particularly prone to disease. This is assuming that you feed it a healthy diet on a regular basis and provide it with adequate habitat.

These fish can contract a virus called Dwarf Gourami Iridovirus or DGIV. Some of the most common symptoms of this condition include sudden darkening of scales and sluggish behavior. They can also develop bacterial infections, especially if their tank isn’t kept very clean on a consistent basis.

Dwarf Gourami Breeding

If you want to breed these fish, you’ll need to set up the tank accordingly. Make sure that the water level is no higher than 8 inches, and the temperature is set to 82 degrees Fahrenheit. This will induce breeding behavior in these fish.

The courtship between the two fish will start once the male has built its nest. These female fish swim around in circles if they accept a certain male as their mate.

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These fish can easily produce several hundred eggs for the course of just a few hours. Make sure that you are prepared for this before you encourage breeding. You’ll need to take the male out of the tank after the fry has left the bubble nest.


  • The Dwarf Gourami is a peaceful fish that is fairly easy to take care of, making it good for beginners.
  • There are a few different sub-species of this fish, each of which is bright and beautiful in their own way.
  • While these fish are known for being pretty active, they typically hideaway for a bit when putting in a new environment.
  • You’ll need at least a 5-gallon tank for one of these fish, but bigger is always better.
  • You have to keep the water within a tight temperature range of 77 to 78.5 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • These fish can be kept with their own kind, but males almost always fight when put in the same tank together.
  • Disease and illness isn’t a big issue with these fish, but Dwarf Gourami Iridovirus can be a concern.
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