Guinea Pig Breed Guide

different guinea pigs breeds 1

There are lots of different guinea pig breeds to choose from. If you have yet to decide on one, in particular, it is important to learn about your options. 

Each of these breeds has something different to offer. In this article, we will take a close look at a variety of guinea pig breeds.

The Different Guinea Pig Breeds

1. American Guinea Pig

American Guinea Pig

The American Guinea Pig, AKA the English Cavy, has a characteristically smooth coat. The satin smoothness of this guinea pig’s coat gives it a very attractive shine. These are among the most popular guinea pigs kept as pets.

These guinea pigs are generally very well-mannered and easy to handle. They have a kind nature that makes them excellent pets for most people. Their short coat means that you won’t have to worry about a lot of grooming/maintenance over the years.

It doesn’t take very long for these guinea pigs to form a strong bond with their owners. They are extremely extroverted animals to say the least.

You will be able to keep two American guinea pigs together without having to deal with conflict; they tend to get along very well together.

2. Coronet Guinea Pig

Coronet Guinea Pig

Coronet guinea pigs have long flowing coats with a black and white coloration. They require regular grooming to remain healthy, so you need to keep that in mind.

3. Ridgeback Guinea Pig

idgeback Guinea Pig

The Ridgeback guinea pig has a smooth and short coat. It does have a long piece of hair that runs the length of its back.

4. Abyssinian

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

The Abyssinian guinea pig is known for being exceptionally smart and sweet. These animals are very curious and love to explore. They are also fairly easy to train, so you shouldn’t have any major issues with that.

The orange, black and white coloration of these pigs is quite attractive. Their coat has a swirl effect that is both interesting and aesthetically pleasing.

These guinea pigs are perfect for adults and children alike. You won’t have to worry about getting bitten, as long as you handle them gently.

One of the few drawbacks of owning an Abyssinian guinea pig is that it can make quite a mess. You can therefore expect to do a lot of cleaning up after it.

5. Crested Guinea Pig

Crested Guinea Pig

The Crested guinea pig gets its name from the crest on their head, which has a white coloration. The rest of its body is a brown-orange color. These guinea pigs are also well-mannered in general, so you most likely won’t have to contend with any behavioral issues.

6. Silkie Guinea Pig

Silkie Guinea Pig

One of the first things that you’ll want to know about Silkie guinea pigs is that they have long hair. This means that you will need to work a bit harder to maintain their hygiene. It is important that you give them a good brushing each day. They do, however, have a striking coat that comes in a wide range of colors.

7. Peruvian Guinea Pig

Peruvian Guinea Pig

The Peruvian Guinea Pig is also has a long but very smooth coat. These pigs are very shaggy to say the least, so they too can be quite a bit of work to maintain. You can definitely expect to do quite a bit of grooming to keep them healthy and looking their best.

These guinea pigs also have a reputation for being quite friendly and curious. They are always looking around at their environment with wide eyes. These pigs have a bold but gentle demeanor that you cannot help but fall in love with.

8. Texel Guinea Pig

Texel Guinea Pig

The Texel guinea pig is a less common breed, but it is definitely worth considering. This species has a long, curly coat that requires quite a bit of maintenance. Keep in mind that it costs quite a bit more than most of the other breeds due to just how uncommon it is.

9. Skinny Guinea Pig

Skinny Guinea Pig

Skinny guinea pigs are quite common and have a lot to offer for those who are seeking an adorable little pet. Most of their body has no fur, which means no grooming but a good amount of upkeep. You will still need to make sure that their exposed skin is healthy.

10. Sheltie

Sheltie Guinea Pig

Sheltie guinea pigs don’t sport a rosette on their head like other breeds, but they are still very beautiful and lovable. This breed has a nice smooth coat, which needs a decent amount of grooming and attention each day.

The good news about these pigs is that they are easy to take care of overall. They have a sweet and friendly nature that makes them perfect for young children. They are, however, fairly uncommon and therefore pretty expensive.

Things to Consider When Choosing a Guinea Pig Breed

Some of the different things you should think about before choosing a certain guinea pig include:

  • Grooming: The length of the guinea pig’s hair will ultimately determine how much grooming will be needed.
  • Demeanor: The fact is that some guinea pigs have a warmer or friendlier overall demeanor than others.
  • Interaction with other pigs: If you want to keep multiple guinea pigs together, you’ll need to choose the right breed.
  • Cost: The more uncommon breeds cost more, so you need to keep this in mind while considering your budget.


  • American guinea pigs are known for being very friendly and get along well with others of their own kind.
  • Coronet guinea pigs are beautiful but require a good amount of regular grooming.
  • Abyssinian guinea pigs are very intelligent as well as gentle, making them perfect for kids and adults alike.
  • Crested guinea pigs have a unique appearance and are very well behaved in general.
  • Silkie guinea pigs have a nice smooth coat, but it requires a lot of attention to maintain.
  • Peruvian guinea pigs have a curious nature, which makes them quite adorable.
  • Skinny guinea pigs have a body with mostly exposed skin, which needs regular care to keep healthy.
  • Before deciding on a certain breed of guinea pig, consider the hair length, overall demeanor, and how common they are.
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