Finch Care Guide – Types, Lifespan & More


The Finch is a small but entertaining bird to have around the house.

If you are thinking about getting one, this article is essential reading.


Finches can be anywhere from 3.5 to 9.4 inches long with a weight of 0.28 ounces to 0.40 ounces. These are pretty small birds, but they can be very colorful and visually striking to say the least.

Finch Lifespan

The average finch has a lifespan of 5 to 10 years with proper care. This is a good bird for those who don’t want to make an extremely long term commitment.


Types of Finches

There are a lot of different finch species that you should learn about before deciding on one in particular.

Some of the more popular finches include:

  • Brambling: The Brambling Finch measures about 14 centimeters long with an average weight of 24 grams. It has black, brown, grey, and orange feathers, along with hints of pink.
  • Bullfinch: The Bullfinch can grow up to 16.5 centimeters with a weight of 21 to 27 grams. Males have black, blue, grey, pink, purple, red and white feathers. Females look very different with black, blue, brown, and grey feathers.
  • Chaffinch: The Chaffinch is a beautiful bird that can grow up to 14.5 centimeters and 29 grams. Males have black, blue, brown, white, yellow, red, orange, and purple feathers. Females have a more tame appearance with brown, black, white and grey feathers.
  • Common Rosefinch: These finches get their name from the rose colored feathers for a striking overall appearance. They also have brown and white feathers down their wings.
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brambling finch

The Finch’s Personality

Most finches inherently want to be surrounded by their own kind, but they can do well by themselves as well. There is no question that these birds enjoy their privacy. You might have a difficult time holding or hand feeding them.

Finches do, however, have a very interesting personality that can make for endless hours of entertainment. These quirky birds are fairly quiet, but they do make a variety of noises. This makes them an excellent choice for those who happen to live in an apartment.

If you are going to keep multiple finches together, you can expect them to “talk” to each other quite often. They make low chirping sounds that can actually be quite soothing.

Natural Habitat

Finches can be found in a variety of regions throughout the western United States, including dry deserts, grasslands, and coniferous forests. These birds stay below 6,000 feet, building their nests on rock ledges and even buildings. They can thrive in both rural and urban environments.

Finch Care Guide

1. Finch Diet

You will need to feed your finch pellets that are specially formulated for these particular birds. These pellets will meet their nutritional requirements.

There are other things that you can feed these birds, including vegetables, fruits, and even boiled eggs. Cuttlebone is good for the finch’s beak. While all of these foods can help supplement the bird’s diet, you don’t want to go overboard.

Make sure that you change out the food if your bird doesn’t eat it after three or four hours. This will help prevent bacterial infections, which can cause a lot of harm to the bird.

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2. Environment

If you are going to keep two finches together, you will need to have a cage that measures at least 30 inches long. These birds need plenty of space to travel upward, so you need to take that into consideration.

Unlike with other birds, you won’t have to worry about providing finches with lots of toys to play with. You will, however, need to make sure that they have one or two perches to rest on. Just make sure that the perches don’t get in the way of their flight path.

3. Common Health Problems

There are some common health problems to look out for with finches, including:

  • Calcium deficiency: These birds can easily develop a calcium deficiency if you aren’t feeding them a nutritious and balanced diet. Consult your veterinarian so your pet gets its nutritional needs met.
  • Aspergillosis: This is a fungal infection that affects the bird’s respiratory system, causing breathing problems. If you notice the bird gasping for air or wheezing, you need to get them to a vet right away.
  • Bumblefoot: This is a condition that affects the bottom of the bird’s feet. You will notice the skin start to become inflamed. Eventually, it will begin to scab over. This is usually due to the bird not getting enough activity on a daily basis.
  • Mites: If your bird has issues with mites, you will probably notice that it is having trouble breathing. They sometimes make a sort of clicking sound when they try to breathe. If they don’t get treatment right away, it can be fatal.
  • Egg binding: This is a big problem with a lot of finches. If your finch has issues passing eggs, they could become badly injured. Make sure that you get your pet treated by a veterinarian immediately before it becomes more serious.
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4. Grooming

You will need to trim your finch’s claws and beak on a fairly regular basis. If you aren’t confident in your ability to do this problem, you can take your bird to the vet for this.

Finch Price

Finches are fairly inexpensive birds, ranging from $10 to $100 each. The cost of this bird is largely determined by the species and age.


  • Finches are small birds that can measure up to 9.4 inches weigh nearly 0.5 ounces.
  • These birds are very entertaining, but they like their privacy and keep to themselves quite a bit.
  • Toys are not necessary for finches, but you should keep perches in their cage.
  • The enclosure for your bird should be no less than 30 inches long.
  • Feed your finch pellets that are specially made for these birds.
  • You can also give finches fruits, vegetables, and cuttlebone on occasion.
  • Finches require regular nail and beak trimming, which you may want to get done at the vet.
  • These birds are susceptible to quite a few diseases, so you need to take yours in for regular checkups.