How to Clean Your Guinea Pigs Cage

guinea pigs buddies eat

It this your first guinea pig and you have types of questions, especially about cleaning their cage.  How to do it?  How often?  

In this article, all these questions will be answered and soon you will be cleaning their cage like a professional.

How Often Do You Clean A Guinea Pigs Cage

There is no set time when you need to clean their cage but it does need to be done on a regular schedule, which you can set up to suit you.  It should also be cleaned if it becomes soiled.  Most guinea pig owners feel that it is appropriate once a week to do a top-to-bottom cleaning.  Between major cleanings, you will need to spot clean it every couple of days or daily.  It depends on the owner’s schedule.  

How Do You Clean Their Cage

Cleaning your guinea pigs cage only takes a few easy, quick steps.

1. Complete Cage Cleaning

When you are doing a complete cage cleaning, the first thing you need to do is remove your guinea pig and put them in a temporary enclosure.  If they have a safe space, this can be the time that you let them roam free.  You will need to remove everything from inside the cage, including the water bottles, food bowls, hay rack, furniture, and toys.

Dump all of the bedding into the trash or your compost pile.  Take it outside and wash the surface with soap and water.   If there is stubborn debris, you can use a scrub brush or scouring pad.  Rinse it and then dry with paper towels.  Next, you will need to wash the food bowls, water bottles, furniture, and toys with warm water and soap, and then rinse and dry with paper towels.

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The next step is to but in fresh bedding.  Refill the food dishes and water bottles along with the hay rack.  Now you put everything else back in.  Once this is done, it is time to put your guinea pig back into their clean cage.

guinea pigs cage

2. Spot Cleaning

When you do a spot cleaning, you do not need to break the entire cage down and wash everything.  You also do not need to replace the bedding.  All you need to do is remove any feces as well as any large amounts of hair that has been shed or other debris.  If there is wet bedding from urination, you should remove that and replace it.  At this time you should also wash the food dish and water bottle.

3. How To Clean a Cage With Fabrics

Some owners like to use fabric-based substrates or fleece blankets for their guinea pigs.  If you are one of these that do, follow the above instructions for a total cleaning but instead of getting rid of the bedding, you will just want to remove it and shake off any debris or feces outside.  Wash the bedding in hot water to kill any germs 

Once the bedding is completely dry, you can but it back in the cage.  When you wash the bedding, use unscented detergents, and do not use fabric softeners.  Using fabric softeners could reduce the beddings’ ability to absorb any spilled water.

guinea pigs in a cage e1589728661778

Tips To Make Cage Cleaning Easier

  • When buying a cage, find one that is easy to clean.  This would be one that comes apart easily and is made of non-porous materials.
  • Put a large trash can near the cage as this will make it easier to get rid of soiled bedding from their cage. The ideal trashcan would be made of rubber with a wide mouth.  It will also make spot cleaning easier.
  • Have a shop vacuum or small vacuum nearby to clean up any messes you might make.  You may be vacuuming up bedding, feces, and other stuff so you do not want to use your regular home vacuum cleaner.
  • Have a place nearby for your cleaning supplies.  You should have separate scouring pads and scrub brushes for cleaning your cage.  If you use the same ones for the house it could spread bacteria around and make you sick.  All cleaning supplies used should be used just for cleaning the cage and other things.
  • Make a specific time and day for cleaning your guinea pigs cage so it will help you stay on schedule.
  • Sometimes a guinea pig will be so active that their hair, feces, and bedding will fall through the cage.  To keep it from landing on the floor, you could put a plastic sheet underneath your guinea pigs cage to catch all of this.  It will make it easier to clean up.
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Best Bedding To Use

  • Paper—it is usually good at odor control, soft, and absorbent.  Make sure what you buy will absorb urine.  Monitor them to make sure they do not try to eat it.
  • Fleece—it is soft and absorbent with the under layer adding to the absorbency.  You can also put puppy pads under it to absorb more urine
  • Aspen—it is dust-free and non-aromatic.


  • If you want your guinea pig to live a long healthy life, then you need to make sure that you are keeping their cage clean.  It will prevent them from getting sick.
  • It will also keep your house or area where the cage is from smelling bad.
  • If you have more than one guinea pig in a cage you may need to do a deep cleaning more than once a week and spot clean it daily.
  • Guinea pigs are tiny creatures and they can become stressed and frustrated if they have to live in grubby surroundings.
  • If you want to disinfect the cage after cleaning it, use three parts water and one part vinegar.
  • Never put your guinea pig back into a cage that wet or even slightly damp.
  • Their food dishes and water bottles should be cleaned daily.
  • Never use anything to clean their cage but water and biodegradable soap or vinegar as common household products can be hazardous to your guinea pig.  They can be poisonous and kill them
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