Parrot Care Guide – Types, Lifespan & More

parrot couple 1

Parrots have a variety of interesting personality traits that make them popular pets.

These birds come in a variety of unique species.


Parrots come in a wide range of sizes and colors, depending on the species. These birds can be any combination of black, brown, gray, green, blue, red, orange, white, and yellow. They can weigh anywhere from 0.4 ounces to over 8 pounds.

Parrot Lifespan

The lifespan of a parrot strongly depends on the species. For example, a hyacinth macaw can live for up to 50 years, while a Kakapo can live up to 95 years. The very long lifespan of these birds is why they are often passed down from one generation to another.

Types of Parrots

There are nearly 400 different species of parrots found in the wild, but only a dozen or so that are popular as pets.

Some of the most popular types of parrots include:

  • Eclectus: Male parrots have a vibrant green, red, and blue coloration that looks absolutely stunning. Females have red and blue feathers that that are equally as visually striking. These parrots can grow up to 20 inches and 19 ounces.
  • scarlet macaw: The Scarlet Macaw has a red upper body with yellow and blue feathers going down towards the tail. These birds can be very noisy and require tons of attention.
  • Lilac-Crowned Amazon: These parrots are also quite attractive, sporting a lilac coloration on their head with green plumage. They make for great companions due to their loyal nature.
  • Hyacinth macaw: This particular species of parrot has a gentle demeanor and affectionate demeanor. It has a mostly dark blue color with yellow around the mouth and eyes.
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parrot blue

The Parrot’s Personality

Parrots tend to have very affable personalities, which is part of what makes them excellent pets. These animals are also very intelligent with impressive problem solving abilities. Some species are very noisy, while others are extremely quiet.

One of the common traits among pretty much all species of parrots is that they are messy animals. These birds get food everywhere when they eat. This means that you better be prepared to clean your bird’s cage on a regular basis.

Because parrots are quite intelligent, they can find even subtle ways to escape from their enclosures. This can make owning one of these birds quite a challenge at times.

Most parrots love social interaction with their owners, though there are some species that are pretty standoffish.

Natural Habitat

Parrots are only found in regions with tropical or subtropical climates. This includes South Asia, Australia, South America, Central America, and Africa. There are also a number of species that can be found on the Pacific and Caribbean islands.

parrot macaw

Parrot Care Guide

1. Parrot Diet

As far as diet is concerned, you can feed your parrot pellets that are specially formulated for these birds. This is far easier than trying to put together and manage a balanced diet with a variety of foods.

Parrots love eating fruits like apples, bananas, papaya, mangos, peaches, passion fruit, and pomegranate. You should, however, try to limit the amount of fruit you give your bird. Some of the vegetables that you can give a parrot include beets, tomatoes, leeks, spinach, carrots, and even collard greens.

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It is important for your parrot to get plenty of protein in its diet. Nuts, legumes, and little pieces of chicken are all acceptable protein-packed foods to give these birds.

There are some wild foods that your parrot can eat that will help with supplementing their diet. Some of these foods include sloes, blackberries, plantains, chickweed, and sow thistle.

2. Environment

When you are picking out a cage for your parrot, you will need to consider its size. These birds vary quite a bit in overall size, but they should be comfortable at all times. The cage should accommodate their full wingspan without any issues.

There are tons of fun little accessories that you can (and should) put in your parrot’s cage. This includes ladders, ropes, swings, and other things for your bird to have fun with. Most parrots love playing around in their cage, and you need to make sure their needs are satisfied.

If you have a cockatiel, budgie, or lovebird, you’ll want a cage that is no smaller than 36 by 24 by 48 inches. Macaws and larger parrots need a cage that is at least 48 by 36 by 66 inches.

You don’t want to keep multiple parrots in the same cage unless they are of the same exact species. Otherwise, you could have a real problem on your hands.

parrot green

3. Common Health Problems

Some of the common diseases that parrots are vulnerable to include:

  • Psittacosis: This condition is also known as Parrot Fever, and it is highly infectious. If your bird has it, they will probably exhibit a lack of appetite and lethargic behavior.
  • Polyomavirus: This is a fairly common disease for parrots. It typically presents with vomiting, weight loss, and a swollen abdomen. The sooner you get your pet treatment, the better off it will be.
  • Giardia: This disease is caused by parasites that can travel from one bird to another. It can cause diarrhea, weight loss, and dry flaky skin.
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4. Grooming

A lot of parrots require semi-regular grooming, which should be done by an experienced veterinarian. After a while, you might feel comfortable enough to do this on your own.

Parrot Price

A parrot could cost you as little as $300 or as much as $1,500, depending on the species. There are a lot of medium-sized parrots that only cost a few hundred dollars. You should be able to find an option that matches your budget.


  • Parrots come in a wide range of sizes and colors, depending on the species.
  • The parrot has an average lifespan of about 50 years, but some can live to be 95.
  • These birds make excellent pets due to their friendly and playful nature.
  • You can easily train your parrot to speak a variety of words and phrases.
  • Make sure that you give your bird pellets that are specially formulated for parrots.
  • Parrots are large birds that require a tall and wide enclosure that allows them to spread their wings comfortably.
  • Some parrots need to have their nails, wings and beaks trimmed occasionally. Go to a vet to have this done.
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